Speaker: Christopher Rackauckas, MIT

Recorded Seminar on YouTube

Title: Learning Epidemic Models That Extrapolate

Abstract: Modern techniques of machine learning are uncanny in their ability to automatically learn predictive models directly from data. However, they do not tend to work beyond their original training dataset. Mechanistic models utilize characteristics of the problem to ensure accurate qualitative extrapolation but can lack in predictive power. How can we build techniques which integrate the best of both approaches? In this talk we will discuss the body of work around universal differential equations, a technique which mixes traditional differential equation modeling with machine learning for accurate extrapolation from small data. We will showcase how incorporating different variations of the technique, such as Bayesian symbolic regression and optimizing the choice of architectures, can lead to the recovery of predictive epidemic models in a robust way. The numerical difficulties of learning potentially stiff and chaotic models will highlight how most of the adjoint techniques used throughout machine learning are inappropriate for learning scientific models, and techniques which mitigate these numerical ills will be demonstrated. We end by showing how these improved stability techniques have been automated and optimized by the software of the SciML organization, allowing practitioners to quickly scale these techniques to real-world applications.

About AI4PAN Artificial Intelligence for Pandemics Seminar Series centred at UQ

Welcome to AI4PAN, the Artificial Intelligence for Pandemics group centered at The University of Queensland (UQ). The group's focus is the application of data science, machine learning, statistical learning, applied mathematics, computation, and other "artificial intelligence" techniques for managing pandemics both at the epidemic and clinical level.