# Atmospheric carbon and the statistical science of measuring, mapping, and uncertainty quantification

My presentation starts with how spatio-temporal statistical models can be motivated by physical models arising from partial differential equations, where the approach is illustrated in the one-dimensional case. This leads on to a problem I have been working on for several years, namely the evolution in Earth’s atmosphere of the greenhouse gas, carbon dioxide (CO2), which has increased to levels not seen since the middle Pliocene (approximately 3.6 million years ago). One of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s (NASA) remote-sensing missions is the Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2, whose principal science objective is to estimate the global geographic distribution of the CO2 sources and sinks at Earth’s surface through time. From a mathematical point of view, this is an ill-posed inverse problem for which regularisation is needed, and part of that regularisation involves a model of atmospheric transport. Uncertainty quantification using hierarchical statistical models is key; then an application of Bayes’ Theorem allows CO2 fluxes to be estimated (in principle). The presentation finishes with global simulations of the hierarchical model to assess the validity and efficiency of the flux estimates.

### About Maths Colloquium

The Mathematics Colloquium is directed at students and academics working in the fields of pure and applied mathematics, and statistics.

We aim to present expository lectures that appeal to our wide audience.

Information for speakers

#### Information for speakers

Maths colloquia are usually held on Mondays, from 2pm to 3pm, in various locations at St Lucia.

Presentations are 50 minutes, plus five minutes for questions and discussion.

Available facilities include:

- computer
- data projector
- chalkboard or whiteboard

To avoid technical difficulties on the day, please contact us in advance of your presentation to discuss your requirements.